At a glance
Cambodia’s vulnerability to climate change is linked to its characteristics as a post-civil war, developing, agrarian country, with 80% of the population relying on subsistence crop production in rural areas, combined with a weak adaptive capacity and limited infrastructure. Climate change is a threat to life, livelihoods and life-supporting systems. It is expected to compound and amplify already existing development challenges, through more severe water scarcity and more frequent floods, resulting in agricultural failure and food shortages, and through the accelerated loss of biodiversity and decline in ecosystem services. It may also have health implications in the form of higher incidence of malaria and dengue.
Climate change must move up on the political agenda, not as an environmental issue alone, but recognised as a challenge to human development and economic growth. Adaptation and mitigation must be addressed in a broad development context, and the effects of climate change recognized as an additional threat to poverty reduction and sustainable development. Climate change is a cross-cutting issue that calls for coordination and integration, both horizontally across sectors and vertically through different levels of society.