At a glance
Mali is a country vulnerable to the effects of climate change due to its geographical location (Sahel), the extreme poverty of a large part of its population and an economy dominated by the agricultural sector depending on random climatic conditions.
Faced with this situation and the need of preserving natural resources, the Government of Mali has adopted a series of environmental policies and legislation. These include the National Policy for Environmental Protection (1998), the Strategic Framework for a Green Economy (2011), and National Climate Change Policies and Strategies (2014). However, inadequate extension and low effectiveness of monitoring systems make it difficult to enforce this legislation on the ground.
In 2010, Mali received funding from the GCCA to support it in the fight against the effects of climate change. The "Global Climate Change Alliance in Mali" (AGCC-Mali 1) helped to develop the National Climate Change Policy, to sensitize the capacities of the Ministry's environmental executives, to make the Forest information system operational, to implement a forest inventory in the southern regions of Mali and to improve forest cover through the implementation of local afforestation actions.
In the continuation of the "AGCC-Mali 1", the present program contributes to the sustainable management of natural resources in response to climate change issues. In this perspective, the program targets the forest sector due to its important role both in adaptation and mitigation to climate change. In this context, the new program will focus on (i) improving communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry, (ii) improving the operational capacity of the Forest Information System (SIFOR), (iii) initiating the establishment of a national monitoring system (MRV - Measurement, Reporting and Verification) and (iv) improving forest cover in the municipalities of intervention.
The fourth result will concern measures to improve forest cover at local level. On the basis of the results of the forest inventories, targeting of the intervention zones based on criteria of vulnerability to climate change and ecological relevance will be carried out. Given its vulnerability to climate change, the Sahelian area will be particularly targeted, but other regions may also be selected based on the results of the preliminary analysis. This analysis will be carried out by the SIFOR agents on the basis of the data available within their forest information management system. The results of this analysis will then be validated during a field mission involving the agents of the DNEF and involving local authorities and local communities.