Global Climate Change Alliance Plus in Mali (GCCA+ Mali - phase 2)

Global Climate Change Alliance Plus in Mali (GCCA+ Mali - phase 2)

At a glance

Duration
to
Status
Active programmes
Region
Africa
Country
Mali
Partners
Ministry of Environment, Sanitation and Sustainable development
Countries involved
1
Total budget
-
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

Mali is a country vulnerable to the effects of climate change due to its geographical location (Sahel), the extreme poverty of a large part of its population and an economy dominated by the agricultural sector depending on random climatic conditions.

Faced with this situation and the need of preserving natural resources, the Government of Mali has adopted a series of environmental policies and legislation. These include the National Policy for Environmental Protection (1998), the Strategic Framework for a Green Economy (2011), and National Climate Change Policies and Strategies (2014). However, inadequate extension and low effectiveness of monitoring systems make it difficult to enforce this legislation on the ground.

In 2010, Mali received funding from the GCCA to support it in the fight against the effects of climate change. The "Global Climate Change Alliance in Mali" (AGCC-Mali 1) helped to develop the National Climate Change Policy, to sensitize the capacities of the Ministry's environmental executives, to make the Forest information system operational, to implement a forest inventory in the southern regions of Mali and to improve forest cover through the implementation of local afforestation actions.

In the continuation of the "AGCC-Mali 1", the present program contributes to the sustainable management of natural resources in response to climate change issues. In this perspective, the program targets the forest sector due to its important role both in adaptation and mitigation to climate change. In this context, the new program will focus on (i) improving communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry, (ii) improving the operational capacity of the Forest Information System (SIFOR), (iii) initiating the establishment of a national monitoring system (MRV - Measurement, Reporting and Verification) and (iv) improving forest cover in the municipalities of intervention.

Country Context

Or le Mali est à la fois victime du réchauffement climatique et de la variabilité pluviométrique. Au niveau des températures, une augmentation de 0.7°C a été notée entre 1960 et 2006 et on s'attend à une augmentation entre 1.2 et 3.6°C à l'horizon 2060. Le Mali a de plus été affecté par six grandes sécheresses durant le 20ème siècle et son évolution climatique se traduit par un climat plus aride. L'augmentation démographique de 3.6% en moyenne, couplée aux contraintes climatiques entraine une surexploitation des ressources naturelles et rend difficile leur reconstitution.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Main activities per result

Communication and information in the field of climate change and forestry are improved.

This first result concerns the strengthening of the role and capacities of the organizations in charge of climate change and forest management. In particular, support will be given to the Agency for Environment and Sustainable Development (AEDD) and the Forest Information System (SIFOR) team.

Initial activities will focus on strengthening knowledge transfer at all levels. This will include strengthening the capacity of the AEDD in its role of coordinator in the field of climate change and in its role as negotiator under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This will be achieved through the implementation of a communication strategy targeting national institutions as well as local communities in the areas targeted by the program. It will also include a capitalization component of the actions implemented and a section on communication in international negotiations. Technical assistance to support the AEDD will be mobilized for this purpose. Moreover, in order to facilitate the transfer of information from the national to the regional level, the consultation system set up under the AGCC1, which brings together the players in the field (NGOs, local authorities and deconcentrated technical agents), will be systematically used in the intervention areas.

The second set of activities will aim to strengthen the links between existing information systems and to integrate forest and climate indicators into the sector policy documents. This integration will allow a better follow-up of the taking into account of the problems related to climate change at the level of the sector policies, but also in the tools for local planning.

Finally, it is planned to carry out a feasibility study on the use of the REDD + mechanism (Reduction of emissions due to deforestation and forest degradation) in Mali. It is an internationally recognized forest governance mechanism that provides access to international financing related to the carbon market. The results of this study will allow the government to decide whether to move forward with this mechanism, and in this case some preparatory activities may be funded under the AGCC2.

The operational capacity of the SIFOR team is strengthened.

The SIFOR team is considered to be the best service for collecting and managing forest data. Nevertheless, its viability depends on ongoing discussions within the MEADD to clarify its status and therefore its funding. As part of this action, the program will support the ongoing reform, in particular through the provision of specific expertise to help the MEADD make the appropriate decisions and the SIFOR team to organize itself according to its new status.

In addition, the technical and operational capacity of the team will be strengthened, both in terms of human resources and IT tools. This reinforcement is considered essential in order to help the team provide the expected services such as the monitoring of the permanent plots set up during the forest inventories.

These two activities will create a favorable environment for the establishment of a reliable forest cover monitoring system that is accessible to the various actors involved in the forestry sector. In addition, training courses on forest cover monitoring for forest officers and NGOs involved in Result 4 of the program will be prepared and implemented to ensure effective monitoring of re-greening actions. The team in charge of SIFOR will also be the body in charge of monitoring the activities implemented in the framework of Result 4.

At the local level, SIFOR will oversee the implementation of at least 30 communal forest inventories. Awareness sessions on bushfires and the use of wood-energy will also be planned in order to raise awareness at local level of all stakeholders regarding the effects of greenhouse gas emitting practices.

The MRV (Measurement, Reporting and Verification) system is initiated

The MRV system is an essential pillar for the monitoring of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as part of the implementation of the Paris Agreement. It is based on measuring the impact of climate change-related activities, reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and independent verification of information. The program will focus on the first stages of its implementation, namely the definition of roles, capacity building, and a specific application to the forest sector.