At a glance
According to the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Myanmar’s climate is changing, with some observable trends over the last six decades. These include an increase in mean temperature, an increase in overall rainfall in most areas with a declining trend in some areas, late onset and early termination of the south-west monsoon. Overall there has been an increase in extreme weather events and a rise in sea level.
Myanmar is engaged in an active process of reform and change on many fronts, the situation is dynamic and presents great opportunities as well as challenges. Climate change represents one major challenge as illustrated by a recent study that placed Myanmar in second place globally from extreme weather events in the period 1991-2010. The potential impacts of climate change and the current low state of preparedness necessitates a multi-faceted response. The Government recognises that a national Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan is required but not yet prepared and a major part of the GCCA support will be aimed at supporting the preparation of the strategy.
Assistance will be provided to a Climate Change Task Force initially focusing on the core concerned ministries: National Planning and Economic Development, Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF) and the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology of the Ministry of Transport. However, as climate change is a cross-cutting issue, line ministries and agencies in climate sensitive sectors will also be involved. A Myanmar Climate Change Alliance Unit (MCCAU) housed within MOECAF will provide the expert advice, technical and administrative support for the strategy development. Needs assessments of the key stakeholders undertaken early in the programme will help refining the precise nature of support required e.g. specific training, technical equipment, exposure to the process of strategy development from countries in the region. The MCCAU will also be able to provide short-term expertise for specific tasks as needed.