At a glance
In São Tomé and Príncipe, a rise in temperature and coastal erosion are the most obvious manifestations of climate change – even if they can have other causes. Variability in rainfall is also observed; it results in disturbances in the agricultural calendar and irregular agricultural production. Food insecurity persists in spite of a favourable climate and good soils, and variability in farming output aggravates food price volatility. In such a context, some trends associated with increased vulnerability are a concern; these include the extension of low-resilience annual crops with a low potential to protect soils, to the detriment of agroforestry systems; the weakening of agroforestry systems resulting from a decline in irrigation and tree cover; forest degradation as a result of the overexploitation of timber and woodfuel (including for carbonisation); and higher risks of wild fires and the conversion of forests to savannah.
The recently adopted national programme for food and nutritional security includes adaptation actions, but has not been explicitly or systematically aligned with climate-related issues and stakes. Overall, the mainstreaming of climate-related considerations in sector programming documents remains insufficient. Lack of coordination, the scarcity of qualified human resources, the lack of consolidation and sharing of information, the weakness of decentralised institutions and operational capacities of government services are other obstacles to an effective response to climate-related challenges. The GCCA intervention aims to address these weaknesses through a mix of actions at the institutional level and field activities.