The Republic of Djibouti benefits from strengthened capacities and implements pilot activities in the field of energy efficiency and access to sources of finance (including carbon markets) for the development of renewable energies.
This component will include institutional support for the designated national authority (DNA) and the Djibouti Agency for Energy Efficiency (ADME) for the training of staff; the definition of a 3-year or 5-year plan for promoting energy efficiency; the construction of a pilot bioclimatic building allowing to test technical options for improving the energy performance of buildings; and the preparation and implementation of a communication and education strategy and plan to raise awareness of the benefits associated with energy savings and providing training on available technical options. Furthermore, the capacities of project promoters, DNA staff and staff of the Ministry of Energy, Water and Natural Resources will be strengthened in relation to access to the Clean Development Mechanism and other financial instruments available to support the development of renewable energies.
The adaptive capacity of communities established in the vicinity of the Douda wastewater treatment station is enhanced through support for water-stressed agricultural activities, access to treated wastewater, and sustainable use of this water for agro-sylvo-pastoral activities and ecological purposes.
A feasibility study will be undertaken for the creation of a 25 hectare micro-irrigation scheme fed by treated water from the Douda wastewater treatment plant. Based on its results, a pilot project for the creation of an irrigation network will be implemented, including the physical development of the irrigation scheme; the setting up of farmers originating from Douda on 0.5 hectare plots; their training with regard to irrigation scheme management and the setting up of a cooperative for this purpose; and support for initial production and management activities.
Furthermore, support will be given to the small farmers established on non-irrigated land parcels in the neighbouring Douda market gardens to reduce their vulnerability to climate change and climate risks, in particular water stress and the salinisation of water and soils. This will include the strengthening of capacities with regard to crop selection, the use of improved and sustainable farming techniques, water and soil management, the acquisition and management of inputs, crop marketing, etc.; and access to micro-finance.
In both cases, specific emphasis will be placed on the consolidation, management and dissemination of knowledge and good practices emerging from implementation.
It is also planned to undertake a feasibility study bearing on the reuse of treated wastewater not allocated to agricultural purposes in the nature conservation area recently created between Haramous and Douda, more specifically with regard to the development of reed-planted wetlands along the coast and the regeneration of natural vegetation – and subject to the availability of resources, to finance some activities identified in the context of this study.