Policy dialogue takes place on the implementation of the NSDP in relation to climate change. A greater consistency between government policies and climate change policy-making is achieved through mainstreaming climate change into the NSDP, with a focus on agriculture and food security. Energy security (defined in terms of access, efficiency and use of renewable energies) is ensured in support of climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Budget support will be provided in the form of two fixed tranches. The disbursement of the first tranche is linked to completion of the “zero draft” of the implementation strategy for environment and climate change and the related public sector investment programme, and their endorsement by Cabinet; holding the first meeting of the ‘sector’ coordination group and nominating a working group to draft terms of reference for this coordination group; and finalising terms of reference for technical assistance to assist the government in the development of a national policy on climate change. The disbursement of the second tranche is linked to the preparation of a national climate change adaptation and mitigation strategy and a national renewable energy strategy, including estimates of their implementation costs; by then, it is also expected that the climate change and environment coordination group meets regularly; and that a climate change and environment monitoring and evaluation framework is in place.
The National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategy is notably expected to involve improving soil and nutrient management, water harvesting and retention, water use efficiency, and the management of eroded lands and wetlands. Actions in support of agricultural adaptation and increased food security may also include improving genetic resources to adapt livestock and crops to more extreme climate conditions; and improving harvesting techniques, processing and supply chains to reduce post-harvest losses. In addition, the early warning and disaster preparedness system on climate change and food security should be upgraded.
The National Renewable Energy Strategy will be developed in the context of the National Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Policy and the National Strategic Development Plan, with a view to meeting the main needs (including lighting, cooking heating and community needs). The strategy will aim to improve access to sustainable sources of clean, reliable and affordable energy through the extension of rural electrification, improved equity in access to energy and the development of renewable sources of energy such as solar and wind power, biomass energy and small-scale hydropower.
Complementary support will be provided for government and non-state actors to build capacity. Technical assistance will be used to help develop the new strategies, and to support the strengthening of sector-level coordination and the monitoring and evaluation of policy and strategy implementation.