As a result of the GCCA programme in Tanzania over 1,000 farmers have been trained in spice forestry developing over 52 Hectares of spice forestry systems in seven communities throughout Pemba Island. The increase in the price of vanilla has made it possible for farmers to improve their livelihood. Kibano Omar Kibano from Mtambwe Kaskazini village in Pemba is one of them.
Kibano Omar Kibano used to engage in livestock keeping, subsistence food crop farming and small-scale fishing, making a meagre income of just 150,000 Tanzanian shillings (TZS), about 60 euros, per month. His income failed to meet his family’s basic needs, and he decided to turn to spice farming.
It wasn’t an easy start, he managed to cultivate some vanilla, black pepper and cinnamon but his vanilla plants had badly wilted. Community Forests Pemba (CFP) a project which falls under the GCCA Tanzania programme and is funded by the EU held an awareness raising meeting in a nearby village which Kibano attended. On the same day, Kibano became registered as an official CFP spice farmer, which entitled him to training and support from the project.
“I’ve been working with CFP for two years and have received extensive training, which has improved the quality and quantity of my spices. I have increased the number of my vanilla plants from 200 to 570 plants, black pepper plants from seven to 15 and I have 50 cinnamon and 15 cardamom plants. I now train up to 30 farmers to ensure their plants also thrive,” said Kibano.
"Kibano has become very active with spice farming in his community since working with CFP. In fact, he is very active with the Zanzibar Spice Farmers’ Association helping to secure improved prices for his fellow farmers, and with support from the project, he made his first spice sales to an international buyer," added CFP Horticulture Officer, Yahya Khatib Suleiman.
Kibano’s average income per month is now 200,000 TZS, about 85 euros. He manages to put three meals a day on the table for his four children and pays for his eldest child to attend secondary school. The family enjoys a varied diet of vegetables, fish and chicken, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes and yams. His future goals are to increase production and even send his children to university.
As a result of the CFP spice programme in Pemba there has been a fivefold increase in the price of vanilla from 180,000.00 TZS (70 euros) per 1 Kilogram to almost 1,000,000.00 TZS (370 euros) per Kilogram. The income from spice sales is being used to cover the cost of schooling for children, building homes, and buying food for households.
GCCA+ was initiated in Tanzania in 2010 to support Tanzania’s Government in strengthening the capacity of some of the most affected communities against the impacts of climate change. A second phase runs from 2015 to 2019.