The focus of waste management in South Africa is changing. No longer is the emphasis on the disposal of waste, but rather on avoiding its generation and minimising the waste stream wherever possible. South Africa has a policy on Integrated Pollution and Waste Management in place, and a comprehensive National Waste Management Strategy and Action Plans to implement that Policy. This series of ‘WORKING WITH WASTE' guidelines has been specially prepared to give very practical, easy to follow steps that a municipality should take to manage its waste. This is one of a series of guidelines that deal with the management of waste. This is primarily an awareness-raising resource and shows where the particular topic, dealt with in each guideline, fits into the broader integrated waste management system. These guidelines have been workshopped at a national and local level, and it is hoped that municipalities will use them extensively to make their waste systems more sustainable.