GCCA's action programme
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
The programme aims to strengthen the capacity of the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) to fulfil its mandate to address climate change, and to enable line ministries and civil society organisations to implement priority climate change actions.
The Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) set up with GCCA support constitutes a unified engagement point for development partners, and a multi-donor financial facility to provide resources for climate change capacity building at national and local government level. It also offers a mechanism for knowledge sharing and learning about climate change which extends beyond the government to civil society and the broader community.
Achievements to date
- Improved capacity to coordinate national policy making, capacity development, outreach/ advocacy efforts, and to monitor the implementation of the national climate change strategy, policy and plans
- Improved access to updated CC information, knowledge and learning opportunities at all levels
- Strengthened capacity within the NCCC to mobilise and to effectively administer climate change funds and to prepare for a nationally owned trust fund
- Increased resilience of coastal communities and ecosystems to climate change through adaptation planning, demonstrated targeted local interventions and provision of practical learning experience in adaptation planning to the NCCC/CCD (Coastal Adaptation and Resilience Planning â€“ CARP)
- Strengthened capacity in RGC (Royal Government of Cambodia) agencies and civil society organisations for the implementation of CC response initiatives in line with agreed national CC priorities, independently or in partnerships, through access to new financial and technical resources
CCCA has achieved significant success in strengthening the institutional, policy and planning framework for the climate change response in Cambodia. Amongst the main results:
- The CCCSP was approved after an extensive and participatory process
- Ten priority line ministries have adopted their Climate Change Strategic Plans (CCSP)
- A national Monitoring and Evaluation framework has been established; and the legal framework for Climate Change has been reviewed, with recommendations for CC mainstreaming
- All members of the Climate Change Technical Team, mid-level and senior managers of CCD, and key members of the National Climate Change Committee have benefitted from international training and exposure to UNFCCC negotiations.
In the area of communication and knowledge-sharing, the programme organized two National Fora on Climate Change, respectively in 2011 and 2013. The 2013 event was presided over by the Prime Minister, and focused on discussing strategies and ongoing initiatives in the various sectors of the climate change response. The internet-based climate change information platform has been revamped for better performance and user-friendliness.
- A Climate Change Financing Framework has been designed, and submitted to NCCC
- The Trust Fund Secretariat has been established with mandate to developing, testing and refining a set of procedures, based on lessons learned from the 2011 and 2012 calls for proposals which attracted over 150 applications from Government and civil society organizations, and resulted in the approval of 19 pilot adaptation projects, covering key sectors of the climate change response as well as cross-cutting issues such as gender or decentralization.
Result 4 (CARP - Coastal Adaptation and Resilience Planning)
A large coastal zone programme was also managed by the Trust Fund Secretariat and the Ministry of Environment / Coastal Coordination Unit. Support was provided for the integration of climate change in the development plans of eight pilot coastal communes in Koh Kong and Sihanoukville provinces, and seven demonstration projects have been implemented, including activities related to water management, agriculture, livestock, community fisheries and awareness-raising. Training manuals and guidelines for climate change mainstreaming in commune investment/development plans have been produced and disseminated.
Demonstrations under the pilot projects covered all key sectors of the climate change response, with over 19,713 direct beneficiaries, and 17.1% of households in target areas adopting demonstration techniques. 2,443 local government staff have received training on climate change (34% women), and 40,133 community members have participated in training or awareness-raising events (48.5% women or girls). 72.4% of the population in target areas reported a perceived reduction in vulnerability thanks to adaptation activities.
Challenges and lessons learned
The main challenges were related to initial delays and design issues at the start of the project, which were addressed through the programme support board, including revised staffing and management arrangements. Full transfer of CCCA to a national fund has been postponed, with the climate change financing framework recommending a more gradual approach, with a strengthening of the Government's coordination functions, support to direct access to multilateral climate funds, and direct budget support as an objective within a 10-year timeframe.
At the Government's request and in agreement with relevant donors, consultations have been held at the end of the project on the design of a second phase of support to the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance, that have been approved.