Cambodia Climate Change Alliance

At a glance

Duration
2009-01-12 to 2014-01-06
Status
Completed programmes
Region
Asia
Country
Cambodia
Partners
Min. of Environment - Climate Change Department, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Total budget
8,34 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)
Video

In Cambodia, the anticipated climate change consequences are likely to compound and amplify already existing development challenges, stresses and other poverty-related problems. Examples of these impacts include more severe water scarcity and more frequent floods, resulting in agricultural failure and food shortages, and accelerated loss of biodiversity and subsequent declining ecosystem services. In addition, climate change will likely also have health implications in the form of higher incidence of malaria and dengue. Even if the country as a whole will be affected and have to address present and future climate alterations it is the poor and marginalized populations who are already now negatively affected by flash floods and droughts that will be the worst affected. Among the poor people it is the women and children that are particularly vulnerable to both poverty and the negative consequences of Climate Change.

Countries

The Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) is a multi-donor initiative with a comprehensive and innovative approach to address climate change in Cambodia. The CCCA aims at creating the enabling conditions required for Cambodia to respond to the challenges and opportunities posed by climate change. The approach is to focus on capacity building and institutional strengthening targeting key national institutions, sub-national authorities, and civil society. The CCCA includes a horizontal multi-donor Climate Change Trust Fund, administered by UNDP, which provides resources for the programme and for mainstreaming initiatives and to create a harmonized engagement point for donors, thereby minimizing transaction costs for Government.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
2,210,000.00 €

Overall objective

The programme aims to strengthen the capacity of the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) to fulfil its mandate to address climate change, and to enable line ministries and civil society organisations to implement priority climate change actions.

The Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) set up with GCCA support constitutes a unified engagement point for development partners, and a multi-donor financial facility to provide resources for climate change capacity building at national and local government level. It also offers a mechanism for knowledge sharing and learning about climate change which extends beyond the government to civil society and the broader community.




Outputs
  1. Improved capacity to coordinate national policy making, capacity development, outreach/ advocacy efforts, and to monitor the implementation of the national climate change strategy, policy and plans
  2. Improved access to updated CC information, knowledge and learning opportunities at all levels
  3. Strengthened capacity within the NCCC to mobilise and to effectively administer climate change funds and to prepare for a nationally owned trust fund
  4. Increased resilience of coastal communities and ecosystems to climate change through adaptation planning, demonstrated targeted local interventions and provision of practical learning experience in adaptation planning to the NCCC/CCD (Coastal Adaptation and Resilience Planning – CARP)
  5. Strengthened capacity in RGC (Royal Government of Cambodia) agencies and civil society organisations for the implementation of CC response initiatives in line with agreed national CC priorities, independently or in partnerships, through access to new financial and technical resources


Achievements to date

Result 1:

CCCA has achieved significant success in strengthening the institutional, policy and planning framework for the climate change response in Cambodia. Amongst the main results:

  • The CCCSP was approved after an extensive and participatory process
  • Ten priority line ministries have adopted their Climate Change Strategic Plans (CCSP)
  • A national Monitoring and Evaluation framework has been established; and the legal framework for Climate Change has been reviewed, with recommendations for CC mainstreaming
  • All members of the Climate Change Technical Team, mid-level and senior managers of CCD, and key members of the National Climate Change Committee have benefitted from international training and exposure to UNFCCC negotiations.

Result 2:

In the area of communication and knowledge-sharing, the programme organized two National Fora on Climate Change, respectively in 2011 and 2013. The 2013 event was presided over by the Prime Minister, and focused on discussing strategies and ongoing initiatives in the various sectors of the climate change response. The internet-based climate change information platform has been revamped for better performance and user-friendliness.

Result 3:

  • A Climate Change Financing Framework has been designed, and submitted to NCCC
  • The Trust Fund Secretariat has been established with mandate to developing, testing and refining a set of procedures, based on lessons learned from the 2011 and 2012 calls for proposals which attracted over 150 applications from Government and civil society organizations, and resulted in the approval of 19 pilot adaptation projects, covering key sectors of the climate change response as well as cross-cutting issues such as gender or decentralization.

Result 4 (CARP - Coastal Adaptation and Resilience Planning)

A large coastal zone programme was also managed by the Trust Fund Secretariat and the Ministry of Environment / Coastal Coordination Unit. Support was provided for the integration of climate change in the development plans of eight pilot coastal communes in Koh Kong and Sihanoukville provinces, and seven demonstration projects have been implemented, including activities related to water management, agriculture, livestock, community fisheries and awareness-raising. Training manuals and guidelines for climate change mainstreaming in commune investment/development plans have been produced and disseminated.

Result 5:

Demonstrations under the pilot projects covered all key sectors of the climate change response, with over 19,713 direct beneficiaries, and 17.1% of households in target areas adopting demonstration techniques. 2,443 local government staff have received training on climate change (34% women), and 40,133 community members have participated in training or awareness-raising events (48.5% women or girls). 72.4% of the population in target areas reported a perceived reduction in vulnerability thanks to adaptation activities.



Challenges and lessons learned

The main challenges were related to initial delays and design issues at the start of the project, which were addressed through the programme support board, including revised staffing and management arrangements. Full transfer of CCCA to a national fund has been postponed, with the climate change financing framework recommending a more gradual approach, with a strengthening of the Government's coordination functions, support to direct access to multilateral climate funds, and direct budget support as an objective within a 10-year timeframe.




At the Government's request and in agreement with relevant donors, consultations have been held at the end of the project on the design of a second phase of support to the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance, that have been approved.

“Cambodia must prepare itself to exist under climate change scenario. This requires us to formulate new policy and adjust our strategy and practices in all socio-economic aspects to ensure sustainable development in the climate change context.”

H.E. Dr Mok Mareth, Senior Minister and Minister of Environment, at the opening session of Cambodia’s Second National Forum on Climate Change, 3 October 2011.

“… Climate change is becoming a constant threat, as drought and flooding have become more severe and frequent... Cambodia had successfully launched the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance to strengthen national institutions.”

H.E. Hor Namhong, Deputy Prime Minister, at the 66th Session of the General Debate at the United Nations General Assembly, 26 September 2011.

“Media play a crucial role in helping people to effectively respond to climate change by disseminating timely and accurate information.”

H.E Dr. Mok Mareth, Senior Minister, Minister of Environment on 7th March 2013, in the opening ceremony of the Media Training on Climate Change