Climate change adaptation and renewable energy development in Chad

At a glance

2014-09-01 to 2020-04-01
Active programmes
Min. of Environment and Fisheries (MERH), Min. of Energy and Oil (MEP)
Total budget
8,00 M€
GCCA priority area(s)

The Republic of Chad faces extreme climate-related phenomena, including increasingly severe droughts or increasingly devastating floods. Vulnerability to such events is all the more worrying because existing administrative structures lack the human and financial resources, capacities and means of action to respond. The impacts of climate change are felt in agriculture, livestock, fisheries, health, housing and other areas.
A national action program for adaptation to climate change (PANA) was published in February 2009. However, the means for its implementation are lacking. In general, the Republic of Chad does not currently have sufficient institutional capacity to fully utilise UNFCCC financial mechanisms and implement adaptation and mitigation projects and measures. The GCCA's intervention aims to help the country address these gaps.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
8,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

Support Chad in the implementation of a national response to climate change, thereby contributing to the emergence of a climate-resilient, low-carbon economy.

Specific objective

Strengthen climate governance by mainstreaming climate change into a number of key sector policies and by implementing field projects aligned with the NAPA and related priorities.


Climate change adaptation and mitigation policies and strategies are developed and implemented, notably in the agriculture and livestock sector (adaptation) and the energy sector (clean energy development).

Planned activities include:

  • Support to the Ministry of Environment and Fisheries in setting up a monitoring system for the NAPA.
  • Support for the accreditation of a national implementing entity through which the country gets direct access to the Adaptation Fund, and of a designated national authority to act as a focal point for access to the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).
  • The setting up of a national process to mainstream climate change into the next National Development Plan 2015-2020, and into sector policies and strategies for agriculture, livestock breeding and energy.
  • Assistance to the Ministry of Energy and Oil (MEP) for the calculation of the CO2 emission factor of the country's power grid, the development of a renewable energy master plan and the setting up of a regulatory framework and financial incentives (feed-in tariffs) for renewable energies.
  • The establishment of an enabling institutional and budgetary framework for the replication of successful experiences and the dissemination of practices and techniques that promote enhanced resilience to climate change and climate risks.
  • The development and implementation of an advocacy, communication and information strategy and plan.

Practices and techniques supporting enhanced resilience of the most climate-vulnerable people and more sustainable use of natural resources are tested and demonstrated in the field, and evaluated in view of their adoption on a larger scale.

This project component include the development, implementation and monitoring of four field projects aligned with NAPA priorities and related priorities with regard to woodfuel supply. Projects are selected on the basis of a call for proposals with a focus on projects which bear on the development of diversified crops adapted to extreme climate-related risks, soil protection and restoration activities, improvements in and the development of inter-communal grazing lands, and reforestation in the periphery of N'Djamena with a view to increasing the availability of woodfuels.

The project's two components are complementary: the institutional component help establish a suitable enabling environment for the implementation of concrete adaptation and mitigation actions, while activities in the field contribute to stakeholder engagement at various levels, incentivise action at the policy and institutional levels, and informe decisions in relation to climate change mainstreaming in development planning.

Achievements to date
  • Support the preparation of Chad Intended Nationally Determined Contribution; and preparation and participation in Paris - COP21, Marrakech COP 22;
  • Support to the Ministry of Energy and Oil (MEP) of Chad in the calculation of the CO2 emission factor in 12 regions;
  • Capacity building activities for more than 200 officers, central executives in ministries, climate negotiators and within civil society, on mainstreaming of climate change into sectoral policies, on data analysis and social and climate vulnerability, and climate finance;
  • Support to the integration of adaptation and mitigation issues in the national development plan of Chad 2016-2020;
  • Support to the formulation of the national climate change strategy;
  • Specific support to the Ministry in charge of Energy, including the calculation emission factor CO2 of the national electricity grid and Development of investment program for renewable energies in 23 region in Chad including N'Djamena
  • Establishment of the NAPA monitoring-evaluation system;
  • Support for the accreditation of a National Implementing Entity (NIE)
  • A call for proposals for field pilot projects was also launched, leading to 4 projects being implemented in different grounds and conditions:
    • SOS SAHEL : Project to support sustainable and diversified agricultural production, adapted to climate variability and change to strengthen household resilience by introducing innovative agricultural techniques in the Lake Region
    • RAPS Mandoul : Soil fertility management and support for climate-resilient agriculture in the Mandoul region project
    • ALISEI,: Project to improve the concerted management of pastoral resources in the Gara/Salamat plain for integrated and sustainable conservation in the peripheral zone of the Zakouma National Park
    • IUCN, Information, education and communication for rural and peri-urban populations on adaptation to climate change