The EU-Liberia Climate Change Alliance +

At a glance

2018-01-01 to 2022-03-31
Active programmes
Ministry of Environment and Forests, World Bank, NGOs
Total budget
6,00 M€
GCCA priority area(s)

Since the end of the conflict in 2003, Liberia has experienced economic growth and relative peace and stability. The situation, however, is still fragile and Liberia is facing many challenges, from inequality, widespread poverty, unemployment, high levels of corruption, inadequate access to basic services (e.g. water and sanitation, waste, electricity, and all-season roads), and food insecurity.

Climate change will greatly affect the country due to its high vulnerability owing to its low economic base, dependence on rain-fed agriculture, huge reliance on biomass energy, increasing coastal erosion and exposure to epidemics in addition to the low capacity at community and national levels.

As signatory to the UN Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC), in September 2015 the country submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) including one component on mitigation and one on adaptation. Their implementation however is conditioned upon the provision of adequate means of implementation by the international community (financial resources, capacity building and the transfer of technologies). For Liberia, the INDC also presents a platform to integrate its Low Carbon Development Strategy into the country's long-term sustainable development Vision by 2030 (Agenda for Transformation).

In line with the EU and Liberia's own strategies, the action supports climate mitigation solutions as outlined in the INDC, through reduced greenhouse gas emissions from solid waste management services, building capacity of key actors of CC sector as well as creating awareness of CC challenges among the population.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
6,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

The main objective of the programme is to contribute to poverty reduction/to improve quality of life while supporting Liberia’s carbon neutrality agenda.


Specific objective

The programme foresees three distinct specific objectives:

  1. Reduced greenhouse gas emissions and improved access to sanitation through more sustainable urban solid waste collection and disposal in greater Monrovia
  2. Increased capacity of the Government of Liberia to promote and implement policies for Climate Change adaptation and mitigation in line with the INDC and other international commitments
  3. Improved understanding of climate change issues by the general population contributes to the attainment of adaptation and mitigation targets


Targeting specific objective one and specific objective three, a grant was attributed to Cities Alliance to implement a project entitled "Delivering climate-resilient solid waste management services in Greater Monrovia, Liberia through community-based enterprises". The project started its activities in January 2018 with four goals:

  1. Increase the collect rate of waste in the Monrovia, Paynesville and the surrounding townships
  2. Increase value addition in the waste sector by extracting and reusing plastic and organic matter from household waste
  3. Increased awareness and education around solid waste management and climate change
  4. Development and implementation of an integrated SWM systems, including capacity building of national stakeholders in the sector

Targeting specific objective two, a team of technical experts contracted by AGRER is working to support the Liberian government through a "Long-term technical assistance in support of the environmental protection agency of Liberia". The technical assistance started in March 2020 with the aim to support EPA in mainstreaming climate change through national policies and meet the requirements and obligations under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement. A special focus of the assistance is on three sectors impacting greenhouse gas emissions in Liberia: waste, transport and energy.


1) Delivering climate-resilient solid waste management services in Greater Monrovia, Liberia through community-based enterprises" (Cities Alliance).

Component 1 "Mitigation – Waste management"

  • Improve coverage and effectiveness of urban solid waste collection, also through the involvement of Community Based Enterprises;
  • Scale up recycling and composting pilot programs in communities and Transfer Stations to reduce the amount of waste disposed of in landfills.

Component 2 " Support to Liberia's CC mainstreaming efforts" (capacity building)

  • Development and implementation of policies including the National Adaptation Plan (NAP), National Climate Change Policy, sectoral strategies and action plans;
  • Support the integration of climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • Establishment of coordination mechanism for implementing Liberia's INDC;
  • Improve participation of Liberia in international climate change fora.
  • Data collection and analysis, including greenhouse gas inventories;
  • Develop a climate change financial framework to align and track climate finance into the national budgetary system;
  • Improving monitoring and enforcement capabilities through direct support to the Compliance and Enforcement Department of the Environmental Protection Agency.

Component 3 "Liberia Climate Change Alliance + Communication and outreach"

  • Education campaign on climate change targeting schools;
  • Education campaign on the 3 R - reuse, recycle, reduce - principle in schools;
  • Outreach activities to educate the general population about the threat of climate changes and promote climate-smart behaviours.

2) Long-term technical assistance in support of the environmental protection agency of Liberia (AGRER)

  • NDC roadmap is settled and related sectoral action plans as per three main priority areas developed.
  • Climate Change is mainstreamed in sectoral national strategies and policies.
  • Climate change knowledge is increased through ad hoc training activities and capacity building programs

Achievements to date

(Final reporting April 2022)

1) Delivering climate-resilient solid waste management services in Greater Monrovia, Liberia through community-based enterprises (Cities Alliance).

Component 1: the project established (i) a Microcredit and loan facility to support Community-Based Enterprises with loans and equipment; (ii) a grant facility for Community-Based Enterprises & communities for Primary Waste collection innovation and issue small grants and; (iii) conducted engagement meetings with relevant stakeholders.

Component 2: The grant facility was closed without awards due to inconsistencies in the proposals submitted. However, various studies were produced on the potential for re-use of solid waste, including the expansion of the CBE model, the Baseline Study, and the Costed Feasibility Models and Action Plan for Implementing Composting and Recycling options in Monrovia, Paynesville, and Surrounding Townships.

Component 3: Awareness and education campaigns implemented in 24 selected communities and 20 schools across Greater Monrovia. The proportion of households in Greater Monrovia reached by awareness campaigns on Solid Waste Management improved from 0% to 26% at the end of the programme, surpassing the project target of 10%.

Component 4 : Capacity building training in Solid Waste Management delivered for a total of 87 stakeholders and officials directly engaged with Solid Waste Management Services in Greater Monrovia, and for 60 members of Community-Based Enterprises and Small and Medium Enterprises.

2) Long-term technical assistance in support of the environmental protection agency of Liberia (AGRER)

  • Three Sectoral documents were presented to Environmental Protection Agency which contain mitigation targets and action plans to achieve them. Targets and Action Plans were validated and delivered including an implementation plan. They informed the revised Nationally Determined Contributions submitted by Government of Liberia to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
  • The sectoral NDC roadmap was delivered in November 2021. It provided inputs for the Liberian Implementation Plan submitted to the Government of Liberia by the NDC partnership during October 2021
  • The NDC Financial Strategy includes an allocation of unconditional governmental support to implement the NDC.
  • Unconditional support for the improvement of landfill facilities is included in the Financial Strategy
  • A revision of the importation of used cars rules have been included among the unconditional support action to be done by the Government of Liberia
  • The improvement of road infrastructure will receive unconditional financial support by the Government of Liberia.
  • 145 stakeholders were trained by August 2021