GCCA+ support to Uganda in the sectorial implementation of its NDC through Climate Smart Agriculture

At a glance

Duration
2018-01-01 to 2023-01-01
Status
Active programmes
Country
Uganda
Total budget
6,50 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)
Countries

Uganda submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) on 28 October 2015. While placing high priority on adaptation to reduce the vulnerability of its population, environment and economy, the country also plans to “implement strategies, plans and actions for low greenhouse gas emission development” in the context of its development goals.  These mitigation and adaptation intentions are based on the National Climate Change Policy (NCCP) 2015, which is derived from the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda (1995, as amended in 2005 and 2015) and reflects Uganda Vision 2040 (2012).  Uganda intends to follow a climate-resilient and low-carbon development path linked to green economy and broader sustainable development goals.

Whereas Uganda’s population largely depends on natural resource based sectors like agriculture, forestry and fisheries (and tourism), climate change and the strain on natural resources, due to population growth and environmental degradation, are intensifying poverty and vulnerability of many people in the country.  With a big number of Ugandans still depending on agriculture for livelihood, Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is crucial for reducing widespread poverty and livelihood improvement; more especially to the poorest and vulnerable sections of society whose livelihoods depend on natural resource ecosystems.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
5,000,000.00 €

Produits

Result 1: Capacities of national and local governments and other stakeholders to plan, implement, coordinate, mobilise resources and monitor climate change efforts is enhanced.

Result 2: Climate sensitive agricultural practices disseminated and applied

Result 3: Awareness and capacity for monitoring, reporting and verification of climate change mitigation measures strengthened




Activités

Result 1: This component will strengthen the knowledge and institutional capacities of relevant stakeholders from national to local level including District Local Governments in the area of CSA, sustainable land management, climate change mainstreaming and planning, gender mainstreaming, climate finance options, resources mobilisation, climate sensitive participatory land-use planning and land utilisation in the framework of sectoral NDC implementation.

Result 2: In order to increase the adoption rate of CSA, it is not sufficient to increase knowledge: farmers also need a range of locally appropriate CSA practices from which to choose (“basket of options”) and opportunities to test them on the ground. The basket of options needs to also take account of different preferences and needs for women farmers. The CSA which help reduce emission intensity through agro-ecology approaches (push-pull, no tillage, etc.), improved nitrogen fertilizer management for crops (especially rice production); reducing emission from enteric fermentation, sequestering carbon in integrated soil-based practices/integrated watershed management practices, and managing manure will likely be supported. CSAs on improved nutritious and drought tolerant forages and forage conservation, with forage conservation and dry season feeding, will result in increased milk yield and incomes, while reducing the amount of methane produced. Production of biogas from livestock manure provides feasible way of mitigating methane. Biogas production in zero grazing systems and manure management for soil improvement are possible interventions. Rehabilitation of degraded grazing land using drought tolerant forages will be focused with biomass yield. An example from FAO Uganda GCCA project shows that improved pastures leading to annual biomass yield from 700 Kg/Ha on degraded areas to 4000 Kg/Ha, subsequently an increased carbon sequestration per area of land.

Result 3:  The system will be basic, small scale, with special focus at district level, with the possibility to scale up or duplicate during the Action if it proves useful and manageable.  GIZ Global has experience and capacity to develop such a protocol, see for example their work in Ghana.