At a glance
Tanzania's economy is very dependent on sectors affected by climate variability and change. It is estimated that climate change will lead to large future additional economic costs ranging between 1% to 2% of GDP per year by 2030. Nevertheless, current budget allocations for climate change mitigation or adaptation activities remain rather low (around 0.3% of total). The Government of Tanzania is developing a national strategy on climate change looking at both adaptation and mitigation. In parallel with the national strategy, the 5 Years Development Plan calls for the establishment of an appropriate institutional framework for the coordination of climate change activities and the development of mechanisms to allow Tanzania to tap into sources of climate finance. Strengthening capacities to cope with climate change impacts remains a priority, particularly in highly vulnerable sectors of critical importance such as agriculture.
The design of the GCCA Tanzania (II) programme builds on the 2008 GCCA allocation for Tanzania (I) which established three pilot ecoâ€“village projects. The first eco-village programme was designed in a participatory manner, under the lead of the Vice-President's Office, with important contributions from the National Climate Change Commission, acting as the Project Steering Committee of the intervention. This mechanism was deemed effective by all stakeholders consulted (line ministries such as Agriculture, Water, Livestock and Fisheries, NEMC, Civil Society) and has been replicated and and expanded with additional components addressing institutional capacity and knowledge management.