GCCA in Tanzania: Integrated approaches for climate change adaptation

At a glance

2015-03-01 to 2019-09-01
Active programmes
Tanzania, United Republic Of
Min. of Finance, Division of Environment of the Vice-President's Office
Total budget
8,00 M€
GCCA priority area(s)

Tanzania's economy is very dependent on sectors affected by climate variability and change. It is estimated that climate change will lead to large future additional economic costs ranging between 1% to 2% of GDP per year by 2030. Nevertheless, current budget allocations for climate change mitigation or adaptation activities remain rather low (around 0.3% of total). The Government of Tanzania is developing a national strategy on climate change looking at both adaptation and mitigation. In parallel with the national strategy, the 5 Years Development Plan calls for the establishment of an appropriate institutional framework for the coordination of climate change activities and the development of mechanisms to allow Tanzania to tap into sources of climate finance. Strengthening capacities to cope with climate change impacts remains a priority, particularly in highly vulnerable sectors of critical importance such as agriculture.

The design of the GCCA Tanzania (II) programme builds on the 2008 GCCA allocation for Tanzania (I) which established three pilot eco–village projects. The first eco-village programme was designed in a participatory manner, under the lead of the Vice-President's Office, with important contributions from the National Climate Change Commission, acting as the Project Steering Committee of the intervention. This mechanism was deemed effective by all stakeholders consulted (line ministries such as Agriculture, Water, Livestock and Fisheries, NEMC, Civil Society) and has been replicated and and expanded with additional components addressing institutional capacity and knowledge management.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
8,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

Increase the capacity of vulnerable Tanzanian communities to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and contribute to poverty reduction in rural areas.

Specific objective

The project aims to enhance environmental sustainability and food security by strengthening management of natural resources at the local level and contribute to gender equality and good governance by actively promoting transparency and accountability.


Expected results included:

The pilot integrated "eco-village" approach (GCCA Tanzania I) is extended and implemented in the most climate change vulnerable agro-ecological zones of Tanzania, using a Call for Proposals process.

This was expected to involve the demonstration, promotion and scaling up of integrated water management and conservation measures. Participatory forest management focusing on environmental and economical sustainability and the demonstration, promotion and scaling up of improved agriculture techniques and energy solutions based on renewable sources.

The extended eco-village approach is complemented by enhanced Institutional capability to assess, plan and implement climate change strategies in selected ward, division and district levels of local government.

This component included activities to improve the institutional capacity to identify, coordinate, plan and implement strategies for climate change adaptation at ward, division and district levels. Activities to promote efficient, integrated and sustainable natural resource use in the framework of participatory land use plans and sector plans (e.g., on agriculture and food security, forests, water and energy) at village and district level. Awareness raising and learning events for policy makers are delivered focusing on the need to design and implement effective adaptation measures at all levels of government.

Knowledge management is improved, by facilitating the exchange of experience and lessons learned from the eco-village approach and communicating the results to key stakeholders, policy makers and the public at large.

This component included activities to enhance the understanding of climate change vulnerabilities and impacts in the main agro-ecological zones of intervention, including baseline assessments to facilitate measurement of progress. Activities to support the systematic collection, analysis and dissemination of adaptation innovations and experience from the eco-village projects. Information sharing using media; websites; briefings; workshops; publications; drama; school clubs etc, by reaching out to policy makers and other key stakeholders and the public at large. The promotion of environmental education in schools and awareness raising.

Achievements to date