Myanmar Climate Change Alliance phase 2 (MCCA2)

At a glance

Active programmes
Total budget

According to the Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Myanmar’s climate is changing, with some observable trends over the last six decades. These include an increase in mean temperature, an increase in overall rainfall in most areas with a declining trend in some areas, late onset and early termination of the south-west monsoon.  Overall there has been an increase in extreme weather events and a rise in sea level.

Myanmar is engaged in an active process of reform and change on many fronts, the situation is dynamic and presents great opportunities as well as challenges. Climate change represents one major challenge as illustrated by a recent study that placed Myanmar in second place globally from extreme weather events in the period 1991-2010. The potential impacts of climate change and the current low state of preparedness necessitates a multi-faceted response. The Government recognises that a national Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan is required but not yet prepared and a major part of the GCCA support will be aimed at supporting the preparation of the strategy. Assistance will be provided to a Climate Change Task Force initially focusing on the core concerned ministries: National Planning and Economic Development, Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF) and the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology of the Ministry of Transport. However, as climate change is a cross-cutting issue, line ministries and agencies in climate sensitive sectors will also be involved. A Myanmar Climate Change Alliance Unit (MCCAU) housed within MOECAF will provide the expert advice, technical and administrative support for the strategy development. Needs assessments of the key stakeholders undertaken early in the programme will help refining the precise nature of support required e.g. specific training, technical equipment, exposure to the process of strategy development from countries in the region. The MCCAU will also be able to provide short-term expertise for specific tasks as needed.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
4.00 €

Specific objective

To strengthen the climate change related institutional and policy environment through sharing of technical knowledge and best practice, training and institutional support.

To promote evidence-based planning and policy making through pilot integration of climate change into sub-national and local level development planning initiatives

Achievements to date

Real-time news on achievements can be obtained at 

There have been initial delay due to the late signature of the MoU which took place in July 2014,, and the difficulty in recruiting staff in the duty-station. But since  March 2015 MCCA has geared up to full delivery and achieved extremely good results in a number of areas. Achievements to date can be grouped under four main areas, in line with the Expected Results 1 to 3 and in addition general management and positioning:

1) Policy, institutional and technical support has created a stronger policy environment, unprecedented coordination and better awareness and capacities. The platform has been established solidly and performs as the main port of entry for climate change issues, and is being regarded as a useful instrument by the Government’ several agencies. It has delivered the now finalised NCCS&, through a participatory process involving literally hundreds of governmental, civil-society, private sector, urban authorities and academia representatives at both national and local level. But it has also consistently supported other policies for climate change and reference for development partners in this field. It works consistently across six sectors (see above). It has now entered the phase of official endorsement of the strategy to which the implementation of the Action Plan will follow (see next steps below).

2. Awareness and basic knowledge has increased within concerned government agencies as a result of continued consultations, sharing the basics of climate change, animating forums and technical exchange and engaging with the media. MCCA is now focusing in this area to develop further visual and graphic tools for working at community level, public opinion and media. In addition it has launched new website that delivers services such as essential work of translation in Myanmar of basic concepts of climate change, notions and access to information and opportunities. It is also used as a public port of entry for comments, e.g. on the NCCS. In its next phase (see below) it will also deliver advanced searchable services.

3. Eco-system methodology, merging environment and urban expertise, for planning of Towns over the short to long-term is being used to assess vulnerabilities  and inform adaptive measures. Priorities are captured in the adaptation local plans, implemented in part by MCCA, and the process documented for replication at national level

4. MCCA has put in place a strong technical unit that delivers advice and constant support to the National Government’ different agencies or local authorities, but is also able to service and cooperate with partners, among which for instance: Unicef on Youth awareness; WWF and Columbia University and RIMES on downscaling climate change; ActionAid, Oxfam and CUSO; to prepare a proposal for ASEAN on climate change and agriculture. Cooperation with national NGOs such as MERN and Spectrum.

Challenges and lessons learned

The first months of the MCCA implementation have progressed well, allowing strong relations to be established between the team and MoECAF and wider ministries, private sector and the civil society .

The formation of the High Level MCCA committee by the cabinet was an additional milestone in the development of the programme that represents significant government buy in and ownership of the MCCA but even more broadly of the process to address climate change in Myanmar.

One of the key lessons that can be drawn from this initial phase is that while the government is proceeding fast with the MCCA, they are still very cautious when dealing with international agencies. Transparency and openness is therefore essential in maintaining the current momentum of the programme.

The programme has gained intense momentum and successfully gained the engagement of the government beyond the Environment Ministry. Now MCCA gears up to maintaining the momentum beyond the first phase of the programme.

  • The Strategy will have to be officially adopted and launched in 2018 and then implemented. MCCA will support its initiation by delivering capacity building based on the needs assessment.
  • The Government of Myanmar is going to mainstream climate change into its next national budget. Further collaboration with the Ministry of Planning and Finance will be needed to strenghthen that process in the future.
  • Awareness and knowledge are increasing and MCCA will continue to disseminate science, promote work from other partners. But it will focus on disseminating the produced awareness materials for the campaign touching at least three major groups, including Media.
  • It will start implementation of adaptive measures prioritized at local level and ensure the methodology for local planning is captured at national level and proposed for replication.