Nepal Climate Change Support Programme (NCCSP): building climate resilience

At a glance

2012-01-01 to 2016-07-31
Completed programmes
Min. of Science, Technology and Environment, UK's Department for International Development (DFID), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Total budget
16,50 M€
GCCA priority area(s)

The project aims to enable the Government of Nepal (GoN) to adopt climate change policies and actions that increase benefits and sustainability of public as well as public private development efforts in a longer term by building capacity of GoN to develop, cost, budget and implement evidence-based policy and measures aimed at mainstreaming climate change in key development sectors (agriculture, forestry, water and energy), including through public private partnerships. Mainly, strengthen technical and institutional capacity of Government at the central level as well as Village Development Committees (VDCs) and District Development Committees (DDCs) in mid and far-west regions (14 districts), to increase national capacity in mainstreaming climate change into key policies, government institutions and the budget process.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
8,600,000.00 €

Overall objective

Enable the government to adopt climate change policies and actions that increase the benefits and sustainability of public as well as public-private development efforts.


Result 1

  • Local and sub-regional level mechanisms to implement and promote scalable initiatives for climate adaptation and resilience are put in place.

Result 2

  • Capacity of relevant institutions at national and local levels to support the design, implementation and monitoring of climate change mainstreaming interventions strengthened.


Result 1

  • Identify national and local level development partners/institutions for local level adaptation plan implementation;
  • Identify location-specific adaptation and risk reduction actions for local adaptation plans;
  • Develop and implement local level adaptation plans in 14 districts in Mid and Far West Nepal;
  • Enable access to financing to civil society and local and national governments (such as the MoEST's Climate Change Management Division, DDC , VDC, line agencies, etc.) to enable them to pilot innovative mechanisms of adaptation options in particularly vulnerable communities, and VDCs, which have the lowest human development index in the VDCs and are most vulnerable to climate change impacts compared to other areas of Nepal and have been identified as climate vulnerable hotspots in the NAPA.

Result 2

  • Develop an effective climate change relevant baseline to support effective decision making and scaling out of climate adaptation and resilient planning in Mid and Far West Regions. The baseline shall also include the mapping of local level institutions and their capacities in terms of verifying and monitoring the impacts of climate change and assessing the effectiveness of intervention measures;
  • Identify local level partners for LAPA implementation including the development of the guidelines for applicants, the selection and contracting of projects, monitoring and evaluation;
  • Provide support (through available technology and best practices) for the implementation of adaptation activities (resilient practices of agriculture, water, disaster and natural resource management, e.g. seed bank, water harvesting tank, drip irrigation, integrated pest management, sustainable soil and nutrient management, home gardening, public land management, bio engineering, multiple water use system, participatory variety selection, and agroforestry);

Achievements to date
  • Monitoring and evaluation framework, capacity development plan, project baseline, and fiduciary risk assessment have been prepared. 70 village/municipal level monitoring and evaluation sub committees have been re/formed along with an extended Terms of References (TORs) on Climate Change Adaptation (CCA).
  • Training packages on capacity building, call for proposals, Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) for district level and Village Development Committee (VDC) level, monitoring and evaluation, Management Information System (MIS) and Gender Equality and Social Inclusion (GESI) have been prepared and organised trainings, for stakeholders at VDC and districts in all 14 districts, including Public Procurement Act and Fiduciary Risk management training to the project staff.
  • 70 Local Adaptation Plans for Action (LAPA) for 69 VDC and 1 Municipality in 14 projects implementation districts have been completed. In addition, 30 more additional LAPA have been prepared, for implementation from this fiscal year 2014/15.
  • Preparation of implementation guidelines for effective implementation of LAPA, ensuring integration and mainstreaming of gender and social inclusion, such that at least 50% women representation in the decision making committees.

Challenges and lessons learned
  • climate adaptation programmes are new in Nepal, and systems and approaches are still being developed and tested. NCCSP is at the forefront to this work and, as a result, delivery is being monitored closely. Ongoing evaluation is critical, and evaluation baselines and methodologies have to be established at the very beginning of the project;
  • The action has been able to prepare the local adaptation plans following a framework that enables government to localising adaptation activities and providing services for vulnerable communities, for the first time.
  • The programme uses regular planning process for mainstreaming LAPA activities into the regular district development plans, however, it is important to review what and how such mainstreaming and integration are taking place.
  • the evaluation of the programme needs to explicitly monitor the impacts of migration on communities receiving adaptation support and examine whether migration support is a cost effective adaptation option;