REDD+ capacity building in Sierra Leone

At a glance

Duration
2012-05-01 to 2017-05-17
Status
Active programmes
Region
Africa
Country
Sierra Leone
Partners
Forestry Division of the Min. of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security
Total budget
5,00 M€
Sector(s)
GCCA priority area(s)

Sierra Leone is among the tropical rainforest countries and part of the Upper Guinean Forest Ecosystem that stretches from Guinea to Togo. Significant numbers of Sierra Leoneans live below the international poverty line. The country development strategy has identified the natural resources as the greatest potential to assist in the development of the country.
Deforestation and degradation drivers such as illegal logging, mining activities, fuel wood and charcoal collection for energy supply, the spread of shifting cultivation farming practices, and anticipated increases in commercial farming for bio energy; sugar cane and palm oil plantations are key threats to the remaining forest areas in the country. However, it is envisaged that performance based climate financing programme like REDD+ initiative could provide opportunity that would enable Sierra Leone to financially benefit from its forests without degrading them.

Countries

The aim of the project is to contribute to the establishment of a low-carbon and pro-poor development of Sierra Leone, whilst enhancing the degree of environmental protection and maximising the benefits offered by environmental services. REDD+ offers interesting opportunities to contribute to this general aim, as it allows protection of the country's forest resources whilst generating revenue from carbon resources, which can be used to promote development and reduce poverty levels. In order to benefit from such a mechanism, Sierra Leone has to become REDD+ ready, which entails generating basic data on forest resources and the dynamics behind deforestation, institutional strengthening, adaptation of the policy and regulatory framework, establishment of stakeholder mechanisms etc. This project will strengthen the Forestry Division and the NPAA in order to prepare the country for REDD+ mechanisms and promote low carbon initiatives.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
5,000,000.00 €

Overall objective

Contribute to the establishment of low-carbon and pro-poor development, whilst enhancing the degree of environmental protection and maximising the benefits offered by environmental services.

REDD+ offers interesting opportunities to contribute to this general aim, as it allows protection of the country's forest resources whilst generating revenue from carbon resources, which can be used to promote development and reduce poverty levels.




Specific objective

The purpose is to generate basic institutional, technical and social conditions and experience for sound forest governance, benefit from REDD+ initiatives according to a pro poor approach and for the development of renewable energy.




Outputs

1) The Forest division of the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Food Security is strengthened to fully assume its role in the protection and management of forest resources.

2) Basic Reduction of Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) readiness is completed for Sierra Leone.

3) The level of awareness of climate change and its links to environmental degradation and development has significantly increased, particularly amongst women and children.

4) Sustainable charcoal production is piloted, showing its potential to reduce the pressure on forests.




Activities
  • Provision of technical expertise, capacity building and logistical support to the Forestry Division (central and decentralised level)
  • Elaboration of a forest and carbon inventory, a monitoring, reporting and verification system for carbon emission reductions and an opportunity cost assessment for the conversion of forest areas taking into account environmental services and the intrinsic value of biodiversity.
  • Contribute to the development of a National REDD+ policy.
  • Support to the National Protected Areas Authority (NPAA).
  • Increase awareness level on climate change, particularly amongst women and children
  • Piloting of sustainable charcoal production initiatives
  • Communication and visibility


Achievements to date
  • National Protected Areas Authority (NPAA) officially launched on 28th January 2015.
  • Training of Forestry Division and 20 NPAA staff achieved.
  • Forestry Division and NPAA staff (Executive Director and Protected Area Managing Director) attended key international fora (i.e. Carbon Expo).:
  • National and subnational awareness raising campaign
  • Project Steering Committee meeting organized annually.
  • Multi Stakeholder Working Group (MSWG) launched in Feb 2016
  • Carbon inventory: inventory in first pilot area (Western Area Peninsula NP) completed by the 18 NPAA technicians; carbon inventory in second pilot area (Kangari Hills) ongoing; selection of carbon plots to be inventoried in remaining 2 pilot areas achieved;
  • Satellite imagery purchased for the entire SL country and GIS expert currently working on estimation and mapping of the drivers of deforestation;
  • Biomass estimation expert currently working on carbon inventory database and biomass estimation for completed pilot area (Western Area Peninsula NP);
  • Charcoal pilot initiative: 15ha of Acacia and Eucalyptus trees planted in Port Loko district and maintained by local farmers; additional activities managed by Rural development District Officer such as nurseries development, trial plot with inter-cropping of Acacia & Eucalyptus with cassava
  • No cost extension of the NPAA grant contract in preparation so as to complete activities initially foreseen in the proposal but delayed due to Ebola outbreak in 2014-2015.


Challenges and lessons learned
  • Low capacity level of the implementing partners (MAFFS & NPAA) caused substantial delays in the implementation and preparation of the Programme Estimate and submission of reports. Due to the D+3 rule, continuation of the project was ensured through endorsement by EUD of a grant contract from MAFFS (Contracting Authority) to NPAA (Beneficiary) in May 2015.
  • Technical Assistance would ideally have accompanied the project implementation from May 2014.
  • Ebola virus outbreak crisis affected project implementation especially from August to December 2014 as some expected activities were not implemented (i.e. establish multi stakeholder groups, school awareness).
  • Due to unforeseen delays in project implementation (late contracting of the TAT, Ebola outbreak), a recent ROM report suggested the re-orientation of expected results towards results 1 and 2.