Sector budget support for environment and natural resources in Rwanda

At a glance

2010-04-01 to 2012-04-01
Completed programmes
Rwanda Natural Resources Authority, National Land Centre (Min. of Natural Resources)
Total budget
4,56 M€
GCCA priority area(s)

By driving abnormal torrential downpours, flooding and droughts, climate change could have devastating consequences for agricultural productivity in Rwanda, where more than 80 percent of the population are involved with farming. Any resulting decrease in plant and animal production could lead to famine and hunger.

This harsh climate reality can be slowed by increasing investment in soil conservation and irrigation. But in the absence of appropriate land registers that exactly reflect parcels, rights and right owners, farmers are often reluctant to make any investments.

This is why the GCCA supports the implementation of an ambitious land registration programme to define clear land rights and therefore encourage farmers to improve soil conservation and irrigation.

The GCCA has provided support to land registration since 2010 and now under the GCCA+ support will enable the Rwanda Natural Resources Authority to evolve at central and local levels into a viable and self-sustaining organization.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
4,555,000.00 €

Overall objective

Contribute to reducing the vulnerability of the rural population by providing incentives through the new tenure system to protect their resource base, in particular against the effects of global climate change.

Specific objective

The specific objective is to create in Rwanda an improved environment for sustainable investments in land through increased capacities at central and local government level for land administration and land use planning and monitoring.

  • Increased decentralized capacities to sustain the national land registry.
  • Increased capacities for land use planning and monitoring.
  • Increased financial sustainability of the national land registry, in particular the Rwanda. Natural Resources Authority Land and Mapping Department.
  • Increased resilience to climate change though improved land management

  • Staff recruitment and training at district and sector levels to ensure that the Land Administration and Information System is fully functional.
  • Existing draft District Land Use Plans will be finalized and approved by District Councils
  • The Rwanda Natural Resources Authority will examine ways to minimise costs and develop services that the public need and want.
  • Improved security of land tenure is expected to increase individuals' incentives for investments in soil and water conservation and irrigation.

"This land is completely mine now. It is an opportunity to develop it."

A beneficiary from Musanze District