Strengthening Local Communities Resilience to Climate Change in Sudan

Strengthening Local Communities Resilience to Climate Change in Sudan

At a glance

Active programmes
Federal Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Physical Development; NGOs
Countries involved
Total budget
10,38 M€
GCCA priority area(s)
Effects of climate change on the region

The project falls under priority two "Increasing resilience to climate-related stresses and shocks" of the Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+) flagship programme which is part of the EU Global Public Goods and Challenges (GPGC) programme. The project is also fully aligned with the Valletta Action Plan  priority domain No. 1 "Development benefits of migration and addressing root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement" and is consistent with objective two of the EU Trust Fund namely "Strengthening resilience of most vulnerable communities". The project is also in line with the Short Term Strategy 2016/17 for the implementation of a special support measure in favour of the people of the Republic of Sudan to be financed from the reserve of the European Development Fund, which has a geographical focus on the peripheral areas and where "climate change and mismanagement of natural resources, leading to land degradation and reduced soil fertility" was identified as one of the causes to be addressed for livelihoods and food security interventions. This intervention will moreover contribute addressing forced migration, as it tackles one of its root causes, namely environmental degradation.

The  project is also in line with the African Union "Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative". Moreover, the proposed project fits into the national initiatives such as the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Sudan (2007)  and the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs - 2015). Finally, the proposed project is in line with the vision underlying the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and in particular with Goal 13 "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts" and Goal 15 "Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss" of the abovementioned Agenda. 

The geographical scope of the project focuses on rural communities and remote areas characterised by high rate of environmental degradation (including desertification, land degradation and drought) coupled with low human development, economic and social indicators. In particular, the intervention area will include North Darfur, Kassala, River Nile and Northern States where rising temperatures, decreasing rainfall, fluctuations in the River Nile, and increased wind speeds have resulted in the occurrence of extreme weather events and conditions which have affected agriculture, livestock, forestry and ecosystems. In particular, the main adverse effects have included lower crop yields, reduced livestock production, increased river bank erosion and land degradation. 

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the strengthening of local communities' resilience and sustainable livelihoods' to better respond to and cope with climate change 

Local communities in rural and remote areas are increasingly exposed to the adverse short and long-term impacts of climate change.  For instance, short-term climate change-related shocks concern the sudden disruption of production pattern and lifestyles. However, climate change-related shocks can have longer term consequences by increasing the vulnerability of individuals/households (loss of already limited assets following the shock), exacerbating existing social and economic inequalities concerning for example the lack of, limited access as well as control over resources and fostering natural resources-related conflicts between different community or groups. Therefore, it is important to strengthen local community resilience and to promote diversified and sustainable livelihoods.

The specific objective is to contribute to preventing, combating and reversing desertification through the sustainable management of natural resources

Desertification affects a wide range of services provided by ecosystems to humans, including food production, water supply, agricultural production etc. Desertification affects significantly the most vulnerable individuals and communities who depend on already scarce natural resources and fragile ecosystems. The combination of high variability in ecosystem conditions and high levels of poverty leads to increasing local communities' vulnerability to a further decline in human well-being. Effective prevention and reverse of desertification require both the adoption of sustainable practices at the community level as well as policy approaches that promote sustainability of ecosystem services and deal with climate change. When addressing desertification it is important to focus both on preventive action as well as on reactive intervention since rehabilitation alone can be costly and ineffective. Preventing and combating desertification require the active engagement of different stakeholders at the national and local level, including a change in governments’ and peoples’ attitudes. For instance, it is important to ensure that local authorities have the technical and financial capacities to address climate change and to adopt sustainable natural resources management systems. At the same time, it is fundamental to engage local communities since they are the prime users of natural resources and land.

GCCA's action programme
Geographical scope
Country groups
Initial GCCA/GCCA+ contribution
10,375,000.00 €
Main activities per result

Result 1: Conservation, protection and sustainable management of farmlands, forests and rangeland enhanced 

Activities under this result will include both intervention aiming at restoring degraded environments and eco-systems as well as intervention aiming at promoting alternative and more sustainable practices and livelihood to ensure longer-term environmental sustainability. For instance, interventions to improve already degraded ecosystems include planting of trees to expand the vegetative cover. An important component of this result will be the engagement with local communities in order to reflect on the sustainability and the impact of traditional practices of land use, irrigation techniques etc., to increase their skill and facilitate positive behaviour change. For instance, the adoption of alternative livelihoods that are less demanding on local land and natural resource use, but yet providing sustainable income will be promoted among the local communities. 

Result 2: Environmental management and environmental governance of local authorities and other local stakeholders are enhanced. 

Strengthening resilience in terms of the capacity of local communities to react and bounce-back to the status quo prior to the occurrence of the crisis/natural hazards is necessary but not sufficient particularly in contexts where high level of vulnerability exists and natural hazards occur frequently. In this regard, this expected result aims at building the capacity of local authorities, relevant institutions and other local stakeholders to adopt sustainable long-term approaches to natural resource management and climate change and to reduce the need of short-term emergency responses. The adoption of government policies addressing climate change related impacts and the mainstreaming of environment sustainability in all relevant policies and development plans will ensure that the necessary resources and infrastructure are made available.

Good climate change policies and natural resources management systems require updated and context-specific information. Indeed, an important component of the project will aim at gathering information through needs assessments which will help create enabling conditions for the elaboration and implementation of evidence-based policies.