The European Commission has committed €36.6 million (most of which originating from fast start funding provided by the EU, Ireland and Cyprus) for financing six new GCCA interventions in Burkina Faso, the Central African Republic, Lesotho, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste, as well as the Eastern Caribbean region. These resources will be used to support climate change mainstreaming, adaptation and the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, with activities planned in the fields of forest, land and natural resource management, agriculture and energy.
In Burkina Faso, the GCCA intervention aims to improve climate change governance in relation to sustainable forest management and the REDD+ process. More specifically, the programme will support the mainstreaming of environmental and climate-related issues into the forest sector, data and knowledge management, stakeholder engagement, consultation and capacity building on climate-related issues (notably in the context of REDD+), and the implementation of adaptation and mitigation measures in the forest and land management sectors. The programme will be implemented in support of the National Rural Sector Plan, through a contribution to the Sustainable Decentralised Forest Management project managed by the World Bank in the wider framework of the Forest Investment Program.
In the Central African Republic, the GCCA will support the sustainable management of forest ecosystems and the strengthening of capacities to sustainably manage local development in the forested South-western region, contributing to the implementation of the national REDD+ strategy. More specifically, it will help enhance the capacity of local authorities to sustainably manage the benefits obtained from forest exploitation; contribute to the sustainable management of production forests in the Southwest; lay the foundations for a regional environmental management and monitoring initiative; support REDD+ implementation at the regional level; and build the capacities of local stakeholders in relation to all these objectives. The programme will be implemented in conjunction with an intervention of the French Development Agency (AFD) in the same region. It complements, and builds on the experience of, a successfully concluded AFD project in support of the implementation of forest management plans.
In Lesotho, budget support will be provided to promote the mainstreaming of climate change in national development planning and support the finalisation of a national climate change adaptation and mitigation strategy and a national sustainable energy strategy; GCCA resources will also help set up institutional frameworks to support the implementation of these strategies. On the adaptation side, climate change mainstreaming is expected to result in the implementation of actions related to soil and nutrient management, water use efficiency, food security, disaster preparedness, etc. On the mitigation side, it is expected to result in the development of renewable sources of energy, the extension of rural electrification based on renewable energies, and the implementation of energy efficiency measures (e.g. through the promotion of improved cooking stoves).
In Papua New Guinea, the programme will provide support to the PNG Forest Authority to implement a continuous and multi-purpose national forest inventory, as part of the National Forest Monitoring System to be set up in the context of country’s participation in REDD+. Planned activities include capacity building, support for the actual implementation of the forest inventory, specific studies on forest and tree characterisation, as well as support for policy dialogue on forestry. The national forest inventory will provide a foundation for the REDD-related monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) mechanism, and a baseline for the five pilot REDD projects currently under preparation. It will be also be designed to support multifunctional sustainable management of forests, which encompasses aspects such as climate change mitigation, biodiversity protection, sustainable livelihoods based on the exploitation of non-timber forest products, etc. The programme will be implemented by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
In Timor-Leste, the GCCA intervention aims to improve the capacity of the population to cope with climate change effects through the sustainable management of natural resources and the improvement of livelihood options. It will focus on three components: the enhancement of climate monitoring systems; the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into local development plans; and the implementation of environmental restoration and sustainable livelihood activities. The programme will notably support rural communities in implementing agricultural and soil/water conservation practices, such as terracing and water harvesting, that promote improved nutrition as well as more sustainable use of natural resources. Field activities will also focus on forestry and agroforestry, in support of the achievement of national reforestation objectives but also of adaptation objectives, through the development of more climate-resilient and diversified activities. The programme will be implemented by IPAD, the Portuguese development agency, and Germany’s GIZ.
In the Eastern Caribbean, the programme aims to improve the region’s natural resource base resilience to the impacts of climate change through support for the setting up of effective and sustainable land management frameworks and practices. These frameworks are expected to include aspects such as regulations to protect and/or restore ecological buffers, regulations to phase out development in high-hazard areas, strict building codes, and the establishment of coastal construction baselines. A number of physical (i.e. infrastructure-oriented) adaptation pilot projects will also be undertaken in areas such as coastal protection, ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation, soil conservation, reforestation, flood mitigation, land and river bank stabilisation, water conservation, etc. The programme will be implemented by the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).