An international partnership for Namibia’s first ambitious NDC


Namibia is the most arid country in sub-Saharan Africa with highly variable climatic conditions, high temperature variability and water scarcity. In 2019, Namibia’s worst drought in 90 years killed thousands of livestock and left one in three, or around 800 000 Namibians, short of food. It is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries and although classified as an upper-middle-income country, it suffers from significant inequality. In 2019, 29 % of the population were classified as ‘severely poor’. Namibia has experienced severe impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic, with the number of people living on USD 5.50 per day or less growing by 200 000 to 1.6 million. Only 53 % of the population currently have access to electricity.


Namibia’s ambitious first NDC pledges to reduce GHG emissions by 89 % below business as usual by 2030. Most GHG savings in Namibia’s NDC are projected to come from improvements in the agriculture, forestry and other land-use sectors as well as by increasing the share of renewables in the national energy mix from 33 % to 70 %. Namibia’s NDC is highly conditional on international support to cover 90 % of the anticipated costs (around USD 50 billion in 2015 dollars).




In 2018, the International NDC Partnership worked with the Namibian government to leverage the NDC as a focal point of consultation and collaboration. In November of that year, a variety of national actors joined forces to identify and ‘validate’ a set of prioritised actions to be implemented in partnership with international partners offering technical and financial support to take forward specific elements.


Using this partnership plan, in 2019, EU GCCA+ set out to identify potential mechanisms and approaches that could help unlock action across the board by addressing systemic blockages – inadequate coordination and insufficient access to finance.


A EUR 4-million EU GCCA+ programme was approved to: (1) support a mechanism to underpin coordination for integrating climate change across development planning; (2) build technical capacity to formulate and scale finance, including through better use of national budgets and fiscal policies; and (3) pilot a funding mechanism to enable communities living in vulnerable situations to access finance and off-grid solar technologies in peri-urban and rural communities which, in turn, could secure access to water in rural areas.


Cross-cutting solutions help to unlock multiple benefits that effectively tackle climate change while delivering value for money and improving livelihoods. The EU is committed to building on lessons already learned to unleash the potential of NDCs as blueprints for sustainable development.