Protecting and restoring Mangroves’ decline has been declared a top priority agenda by the major global bodies’ initiatives are working to address global Climate change issues in the Indus delta region, the European Union’s flagship programme Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+). Dr .Mahmood Khalid Qamar, a mangrove forest expert in Pakistan having his Ph.D research work on the subject told APP that mangroves were one of best allies on earth in the fight against climate change, adding yet it was good omen that several global initiatives were being taken to protect them.
Mangroves had enormous capacity for absorbing toxic gases in the environment and filtering air by retaining carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, he said.
According to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Pakistan Chapter study, the total mangroves cover in the mighty Indus delta is approximately 129,000 ha and about 3,000 ha along the Baluchistan Coast in the Gawatar Bay, Miani Hor and Kalmat Khor areas. It means that in Pakistan over 600,000 hectares of Indus delta and coastline is under mangrove forestation cover. The coastal and delta communities, marine and terrestrial life of the coast are dependent and entwined to this ecosystem.
The vital flow of the Indus River into the Indus delta is being polluted heavily by a variety of industrial waste and dangerous effluents of sewage. The area is also affected by increased salinity caused due to enriched fertilizers’ nutrients coming from upstream irrigation.