Spice farming against climate change in Pemba

Community Forests Pemba 

pembaIt wasn't an easy start for Kibano, he managed to cultivate some vanilla, black pepper and cinnamon but was looking specifically for technical support after his vanilla plants had badly wilted. Community Forests Pemba (CFP) a project which falls under the GCCA Tanzania programme and is funded by the EU held an awareness raising meeting in a nearby village which Kibano attended. The meeting led to CFP visiting his spice farm, where a team set about to revive his vanilla crop. On the same day, Kibano became registered as an official CFP spice farmer, which entitles him to training and support from the project. 

"I've been working with CFP for two years and have received extensive training, which has improved the quality and quantity of my spices. I have increased the number of my vanilla plants from 200 to 570 plants, black pepper plants from seven to 15 and I have 50 cinnamon and 15 cardamom plants. I now train up to 30 farmers to ensure their plants also thrive," said Kibano. 
"Kibano has become very active with spice farming in his community since working with CFP. He tried fishing and livestock keeping and has settled into spice farming. In fact, he is very active with the Zanzibar Spice Farmers' Association helping to secure improved prices for his fellow farmers, and with support from the project has made his first spice sales to an international buyer," added CFP Horticulture Officer, Yahya Khatib Suleiman.


A better life 

pemba Kibano's average income per month is now 200,000 Tanzanian shillings (90 USD). Kibano manages to put three meals a day on the table for his four children and pays for his eldest child to attend secondary school. The family enjoys a varied diet of vegetables, fish and chicken, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes and yams. 
Future goals 
Kibano hopes to invest further in his spice farming activities by producing seedlings to sell. His future goals are also to increase production to earn more money and to even send his children to university. He aims to earn up to 6,000,000 shillings per year (2,500 USO) exclusively from spice farming.

Sustainable impact 

As a result of the CFP spice programme in Pemba there has been an increase in the price of vanilla from 180,000.00 TZS (80 USO) per 1 Kilogram to almost 1,000,000.00 TZS (430 USO) per Kilogram. 
More farmers in Pemba are engaging in spice agroforestry, especially women. 
The income from spice sales is being used wisely to cover the cost of schooling for children, building homes, and buying food for households. 
Increasing interest from people outside of Pemba wishing to get involved and gain knowledge about spice farming. 
Private farmers and the private sector, who are not registered with CFP, are coming to the CFP Innovation Campus for assistance on spice cultivation. 

Branching out 

The project has trained over 1,000 farmers in spice forestry who have gone on to develop 52 Hectares of spice forestry systems in seven communities throughout Pemba Island. The median income for spice farmers is between 500,000.00 Tanzanian shillings (200 USO) and 1 Million Tanzanian shillings (400 USO) annually.
CFP's commercial partnership with the international cosmetic company Lush continues to flourish. 
The newly formed Zanzibar Spice Farmers Association (ZSFA) now has over 200 owner-members. 
CFP is working with the Ministry of Agriculture to introduce spice agroforestry at policy level, including the conversion of the defunct government rubber plantations to the project's climate-smart system. 
The project is also working with new national partners to expand spice practices to mainland Tanzania.

Spice Agroforestry Fast Facts 

pembaTrees planted so far: 26,519 
Spice Forest Systems Established: 52 Hectares
Communities: Seven (Daya, Gancio, Hindi, Makoongwe, Mtambwe Kaskazini, Mtambwe Mkuu, Wingwi Mapofu) 
Direct Trainees:  105 Women/ 179 Men
Indirect Trainees:  281 Women/ 478 Men
Subtotal:  386 Women / 657 Men
Total: 1,043 people



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